PRP is regenerative injection therapy (RIT) using growth factors in a patient’s own blood to stimulate a natural healing response:
When there is an injury, the body naturally produces white blood cells and platelets that store growth factors that promote healing. These platelets are fragments of stem cells produced in the bone marrow. Platelets contain proteins called growth factors because they turn on growth, activate DNA and initiate cell repair and tissue regeneration.
PRP uses a concentrated amount of the patient’s own platelets injected into the injury to induce a powerful, natural healing response.
What Is The Treatment Process?
Blood is drawn from the patient and is placed in a special centrifugal processing unit, which separates platelets, white blood cells and serum from red blood cells. The spinning concentrates the platelets from the original sample so that the blood now has from seven times more platelets per cc than the original sample. This concentration of platelets and white blood cells are then collected into a sterile syringe and injected into the tissue targeted for treatment. Platelet rich autologous blood will likely achieve faster and more substantial results than dextrose injections alone.
Following the initial treatment with PRP, a follow up visit usually occurs to evaluate your response to the initial therapy and a decision is made regarding the need for additional PRP treatments. Depending on the severity and duration of your injury, one to three PRP injections may be indicated.
What To Expect Following Treatment
Following a PRP injection, a soreness is commonly experienced at the site of injury. This achniess is a positive sign that a healing response has begun and can last several days (gradually decreasing) as healing occurs. Normal day-to-day activities and light exercise following injection are encouraged. Strenuous lifting or high-level exercise should be avoided for several days after injection.
Are PRP Injections Safe?
PRP has been used in hospital surgery units for decades to promote healing in the surgical patient. Research and clinical data show that PRP injections are extremely safe, with minimal risk for any adverse reaction because PRP is produced from your own blood. There is a small risk of infection from any injection into the body, but this is rare. In fact, recent research suggests that PRP may have an anti-bacterial property that protects against possible infection.